Federal Court of Australia

Ward, on behalf of the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners v State of Western Australia [2022] FCA 689

File numbers:

WAD 174 of 2021

WAD 222 of 2020

Judgment of:

COLVIN J

Date of judgment:

15 June 2022

Catchwords:

NATIVE TITLE - application for compensation and separate application for native title determination - where applications seek a determination of native title over the Pila Nature Reserve and relevant compensation - where parties entered into settlement agreement - where parties entered into a further agreement for the purposes of s 47C of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) to give effect to the settlement agreement - where the agreed settlement terms also provide for compensation - orders made in terms of proposed consent orders on each application

Legislation:

Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) ss 13, 47C, 51, 55, 56, 61, 62, 62A, 66, 86A, 87, 94, 94A, 213, 225, 251B, 251BA

Cases cited:

CG (Deceased) on behalf of the Badimia People v State of Western Australia [2016] FCAFC 67; (2016) 240 FCR 466

Freddie v Northern Territory [2017] FCA 867

KD (deceased) on behalf of the Mirning People v State of Western Australia [2021] FCA 10

Pearson on behalf of the Tjayuwara Unmuru Native Title Holders v State of South Australia (Tjayuwara Unmuru Native Title Compensation Claim) [2017] FCA 1561

Stanley Mervyn, Adrian Young, and Livingston West on behalf of the Peoples of the Ngaanyatjarra Lands v Western Australia [2005] FCA 831

Ward v State of Western Australia (No 3) [2015] FCA 658; (2015) 233 FCR 1

Western Australia v Ward [2002] HCA 28; (2002) 213 CLR 1

Division:

General Division

Registry:

Western Australia

National Practice Area:

Native Title

Number of paragraphs:

58

Date of hearing:

Determined on the papers

WAD 174 of 2021:

Counsel for the Applicant:

Mr SJ Wright SC with Ms TJ Herrmann

Solicitor for the Applicant:

Central Desert Native Title Services Ltd

Counsel for the First Respondent:

Mr AD Rorrison

Solicitor for the First Respondent:

State Solicitor's Office

Counsel for the Second Respondent:

Mr J Cullity

Solicitor for the Second Respondent:

Mining & Heritage Legal

WAD 222 of 2020:

Counsel for the Applicant:

Mr SJ Wright SC with Ms TJ Herrmann

Solicitor for the Applicant:

Central Desert Native Title Services Ltd

Counsel for the Respondent:

Mr AD Rorrison

Solicitor for the Respondent:

State Solicitor's Office

ORDERS

WAD 174 of 2021

BETWEEN:

DAISY TJUPARNTARRI WARD, ANDREW JONES, BEN JUNIOR RALPH BROWN, CLARABELLE WARD KENDA, PAUL CARNEGIE, LEESE GILES

Applicant

AND:

STATE OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA

First Respondent

PETREX AUSTRALIA PTY LTD

Second Respondent

order made by:

COLVIN J

DATE OF ORDER:

15 JUNE 2022

THE COURT NOTES THAT:

1.    On 28 July 2021 the Applicant, authorised by the native title claim group (Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners), filed native title determination application WAD 174/2021 under section 61(1) of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) (NTA) (the Native Title Claim).

2.    The Applicant and the First and Second Respondents (together, the parties) have reached an agreement which is to be made in relation to all of the land and waters covered by the Native Title Claim (Determination Area).

3.    On 18 September 2020, application WAD 222 of 2020 was filed under section 61(1) of the NTA seeking a determination of compensation in accordance with Part 2, Division 5 of the NTA for the loss, diminution, impairment or other effect of the vesting of the Gibson Desert Nature Reserve (Reserve 34606) in the Western Australian Wildlife Authority in trust for the reserve purpose under section 33 of the Land Act 1933 (WA) (Compensable Act) on native title (Compensation Claim). The Compensation Claim is also brought on behalf of the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners (who are described in the Compensation Claim as the Gibson Desert Nature Reserve Compensation Claim Group).

4.    The Applicant and the First Respondent have entered into an agreement which inter alia settles the First Respondent's compensation liability for the Compensable Act having regard to the Compensation Claim. The agreement is called the Compensation and Lurrtjurrlulu Palakitjalu Settlement Agreement (CLPSA).

5.    The Compensation Claim acknowledges that, while the Compensable Act was immediately preceded by acts (also done on 22 April 1977) comprising the reservation of the land and its classification as a class 'A' reserve under the Land Act 1933 (WA), to the extent the reservation and classification are compensable, the three acts are essentially the same act for the purposes of section 49 of the NTA. The CLPSA also treats each of the three acts as essentially the same act.

6.    The Compensable Act resulted in the total extinguishment of all native title in relation to the Determination Area.

7.    The CLPSA provides for a range of benefits by way of compensation. Those benefits include the First Respondent's commitment to assisting the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners to obtain a determination of native title on the basis that prior extinguishment of their native title is to be disregarded.

8.    Pursuant to section 87(1) of the NTA, and consistent with the CLPSA, the parties to this proceeding have reached agreement on the terms of orders and have filed a Minute of Proposed Consent Determination of Native Title, signed by or on behalf of the parties, which sets out the agreed orders which they ask the Court to make in relation to this proceeding.

9.    The terms of the agreement involve the making of consent orders for a determination pursuant to sections 87 and 94A of the NTA that native title exists in relation to the land and waters of the Determination Area.

10.    The parties acknowledge that the effect of the making of the determination is that the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners, in accordance with traditional laws acknowledged and traditional customs observed by them, are to be recognised as the native title holders for the Determination Area.

11.    Pursuant to section 87(2) of the NTA, the parties have requested that the Court determine the Native Title Claim without holding a hearing.

12.    The parties to the Compensation Claim have also signed, and filed with the Court in the Compensation Claim, a Minute of Consent Determination of Compensation in accordance with section 87(2) of the NTA.

13.    In accordance with section 13(2) of the NTA, and to give effect to the CLPSA, the determination of native title in the Native Title Claim will be made immediately prior to, and at the same hearing as, the determination of compensation in the Compensation Claim.

14.    The Applicant has nominated Warnpurru (Aboriginal Corporation) (ICN: 8979) pursuant to section 56(2)(a) of the NTA to hold the determined native title in trust for the native title holders.

Being satisfied that orders in the terms sought by the parties are within the power of the Court and it appearing to the Court to be appropriate to do so and by the consent of the parties:

THE COURT ORDERS THAT:

1.    There be a determination of native title in the terms set out in Attachment A.

2.    Warnpurru (Aboriginal Corporation) (ICN: 8979) shall hold the determined native title in trust for the native title holders pursuant to section 56(2)(a) of the NTA.

3.    There be no order as to costs.

Note:    Entry of orders is dealt with in Rule 39.32 of the Federal Court Rules 2011.

ATTACHMENT A

DETERMINATION

THE COURT ORDERS, DECLARES AND DETERMINES THAT:

Determination of native title: 13(2),94A NTA

Existence of native title (s 225)

1.    Native title exists in relation to the whole of the Determination Area.

Native title holders (s 225(a))

2.    The native title in relation to the Determination Area is held by the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners (native title holders).

The nature and extent of native title rights and interests (s 225(b) and (e))

3.    Subject to orders 4 and 5, the nature and extent of the native title rights and interests in relation to the Determination Area is the right to possession, occupation, use and enjoyment of the whole of the Determination Area to the exclusion of all others.

Qualifications on native title rights and interests (s 225(b) and (e))

4.    The native title rights and interests are subject to and exercisable in accordance with:

(a)    the traditional laws and customs of the native title holders; and

(b)    the laws of the State and the Commonwealth, including the common law.

5.    Notwithstanding anything in this Determination:

(a)    there are no native title rights and interests in relation to the Determination Area in or in relation to:

(i)    minerals as defined in the Mining Act 1904 (WA) (repealed) and the Mining Act 1978 (WA); or

(ii)    petroleum as defined in the Petroleum Act 1936 (WA) (repealed) and in the Petroleum and Geothermal Energy Resources Act 1967 (WA); or

(iii)    geothermal energy resources and geothermal energy as defined in the Petroleum and Geothermal Energy Resources Act 1967 (WA); and

(b)    the nature and extent of native title rights and interests in relation to water in any watercourse, wetland or underground water source as defined in the Rights in Water and Irrigation Act 1914 (WA) at the date of this Determination is the non-exclusive right to take, use and enjoy that water.

The nature and extent of any other interests (s 225(c))

6.    The nature and extent of other rights and interests in relation to the Determination Area are those set out in Schedule 4 (other interests).

Relationship between native title rights and other interests (s 225(d))

7.    Except as otherwise provided for by law, the relationship between the native title rights and interests described in order 3 and the other interests is as follows:

(a)    the Determination does not affect the validity of those other interests;

(b)    to the extent of any inconsistency between the other interests described in Schedule 4 and the continued existence, enjoyment or exercise of the native title rights and interests:

(i)    the native title rights and interests continue to exist in their entirety, but the native title rights and interests have no effect in relation to the other interests to the extent of the inconsistency during the currency of the other interests; and

(ii)    otherwise the other interests co-exist with the native title rights and interests, and for the avoidance of doubt, the doing of an activity required or permitted under those interests prevails over the native title rights and interests and their exercise, but does not extinguish them.

Area to which47C of the NTA applies

8.    Section 47C of the NTA applies to the whole of the Determination Area.

Interpretation

9.    In this determination, including its schedules:

(a)    unless the contrary intention appears, the words and expressions used have the same meaning as in the NTA;

(b)    if there is an inconsistency between a written description of an area in this determination and the depiction of that area on the map in Schedule 1, the written description prevails;

(c)    Determination Area means the whole of the area described in Schedule 1, and as depicted on the map attached at Schedule 2;

(d)    Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners means the group of persons described in Schedule 3;

(e)    NTA means the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth); and

(f)    State means the State of Western Australia.

Note:    Entry of orders is dealt with in Rule 39.32 of the Federal Court Rules 2011.

SCHEDULE 1

DETERMINATION AREA DESCRIPTION

1.    The Determination Area is all that land comprising Reserve 34606, being Lot 13 as shown on Deposited Plan 91083 (Reserve 34606 - Pila Nature Reserve).

2.    Reserve 34606 (Pila Nature Reserve) excludes the following road corridors:

(a)    Gary Highway

All that land, being 100 metres wide and defined by the centreline commencing at the intersection of a northern boundary of Reserve 34606 (Pila Nature Reserve), being Lot 13 as shown on Deposited Plan 91083, with approximate Longitude 125.057882 East and extending generally southerly along that centreline through the following approximate coordinate positions:

LATITUDE

(SOUTH)

LONGITUDE

(EAST)

24.416928

125.057882

24.419339

125.057042

24.420943

125.056567

24.430237

125.053742

24.431927

125.053290

24.434278

125.052570

24.435184

125.052402

24.435469

125.052271

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125.052239

24.436138

125.052336

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125.052281

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125.051914

24.437163

125.051755

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125.051477

24.440593

125.051110

24.442932

125.050976

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125.050913

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125.050951

24.449181

125.050579

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125.050573

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125.050286

24.452345

125.050063

24.458395

125.048052

24.460771

125.047179

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125.046731

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125.045707

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125.045096

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125.044445

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125.044384

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125.042913

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125.042694

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125.042858

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125.043221

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125.042790

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125.042931

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125.029479

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125.024313

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125.023230

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125.022995

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125.022981

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125.021016

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125.018293

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125.015093

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125.014890

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125.013245

24.677696

125.012173

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125.010473

24.684440

125.008922

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125.008729

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24.712081

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125.006510

24.714856

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125.006270

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125.006606

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125.005928

24.739877

125.005916

24.752541

125.005616

24.756572

125.005092

24.760341

125.004932

24.761972

125.004755

24.764568

125.004419

24.770361

125.002807

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125.002403

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125.001757

24.777161

125.001382

24.778739

125.000848

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124.999367

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124.998209

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124.997746

24.796435

124.996604

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124.995840

24.805841

124.996277

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124.996674

24.809622

124.996856

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124.996816

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124.996528

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124.996568

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124.996185

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124.995857

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124.992640

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124.990896

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24.862593

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24.868062

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24.875039

124.987535

24.876900

124.987384

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124.986911

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124.987703

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124.989315

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124.991305

24.896285

124.991941

24.897894

124.991977

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124.991690

24.906598

124.991294

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124.990861

24.920384

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24.932557

124.989765

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124.989450

24.938099

124.989084

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124.988115

24.947891

124.988247

24.951143

124.989054

24.952935

124.988766

24.960714

124.987467

24.962742

124.987045

24.963674

124.986928

24.964565

124.986586

24.965488

124.985924

24.966651

124.984757

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124.984125

24.969147

124.983766

24.970220

124.983335

24.971065

124.983151

24.972257

124.983021

24.972807

124.982878

24.973554

124.982735

24.974659

124.982680

24.975653

124.982514

24.978000

124.980987

24.980272

124.979810

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124.978914

24.983945

124.978309

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124.978137

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124.978100

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25.000716

124.976524

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124.978265

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124.978654

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124.978902

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124.978953

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124.979325

25.070191

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25.071650

124.979637

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124.979553

25.072300

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25.072975

124.979715

25.073444

124.979778

25.073918

124.979930

25.074352

124.979927

25.074523

124.980121

25.076739

124.981588

25.078016

124.981895

25.079014

124.982258

25.079497

124.982317

25.079692

124.982376

25.080015

124.982388

25.080686

124.982673

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124.982677

25.081672

124.982762

25.082215

124.982983

25.083588

124.984710

25.083855

124.984961

25.086055

124.985063

25.086294

124.985023

25.086895

124.984849

25.087199

124.984586

25.087856

124.984598

25.088972

124.984166

25.090154

124.983211

25.091842

124.981616

25.092661

124.980963

25.093131

124.980645

25.093415

124.980535

25.093646

124.980488

25.095078

124.980460

25.096348

124.980287

25.098014

124.979952

25.098766

124.979902

25.099611

124.979675

25.101037

124.979380

25.101482

124.979376

25.101941

124.979595

25.102429

124.979690

25.102844

124.979914

25.103140

124.980013

25.103455

124.980275

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124.980379

25.103734

124.980425

25.104805

124.980152

25.105765

124.980283

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25.107165

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25.107887

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25.112518

124.980930

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25.116341

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124.980300

25.124279

124.980301

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25.132457

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25.142903

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25.150715

124.981770

25.153205

124.981244

25.157096

124.980490

25.159745

124.980390

25.174271

124.980499

(b)    Gunbarrel Highway

All that land, being 100 metres wide and defined by the centreline commencing at the intersection of a western boundary of Reserve 34606 (Pila Nature Reserve), being Lot 13 as shown on Deposited Plan 91083, with approximate Latitude 25.173822 South and extending easterly and generally southeasterly along that centreline through the following approximate coordinate positions:

LATITUDE

(SOUTH)

LONGITUDE

(EAST)

25.174345

124.819729

25.174271

124.980499

25.174265

124.993457

25.174259

124.994496

25.174215

124.995301

25.174193

124.998132

25.174107

125.059452

25.174250

125.063290

25.174350

125.066050

25.174773

125.066719

25.175413

125.067109

25.176520

125.067301

25.177642

125.067971

25.181577

125.070950

25.201959

125.086511

25.207221

125.090544

25.226898

125.105563

25.227040

125.105734

25.227350

125.105922

25.308160

125.167514

25.311059

125.169585

25.312766

125.170715

25.316453

125.172120

25.319054

125.173121

25.322032

125.173530

25.327200

125.173853

25.329229

125.174178

25.330375

125.174344

25.331574

125.174587

25.333070

125.174848

25.334930

125.175242

25.335591

125.175277

25.336356

125.175150

25.336713

125.174903

25.336974

125.174651

25.337456

125.174040

25.337944

125.173078

25.338210

125.172353

25.339134

125.168796

25.339683

125.167041

25.340005

125.166489

25.340855

125.165652

25.342280

125.165142

25.343051

125.165150

25.344143

125.165623

then southeasterly to the intersection of a southern boundary of Reserve 34606 (Pila Nature Reserve), being Lot 13 as shown on Deposited Plan 91083, with Longitude 125.206795 East.

SCHEDULE 2

MAP SHOWING DETERMINATION AREA

SCHEDULE 3

THE PILA NATURE RESERVE TRADITIONAL OWNERS

1.    The Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners are those persons who:

(a)    have rights under traditional laws and customs in part or all of the Determination Area through:

(i)    being conceived in the claim area;

(ii)    being born in the claim area;

(iii)    the birth of an ancestor on the claim area;

(iv)    the acquisition of knowledge through long association with the claim area;

(v)    an ancestor's acquisition of knowledge through long association with the claim area;

(vi)    the burial site of an ancestor in the claim area; and/or

(vii)    having religious, sacred, ritual, practical and historical knowledge of the claim area; and

(b)    are recognised under traditional laws and customs by other members of the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners as having rights in the Determination Area.

2.    As at the date of this determination, this includes the descendants of the following persons:

(a)    Malungka;

(b)    the siblings Wirun / Wallace Davies, Tjuturumul / Billy Campbell and Marnupa Banks;

(c)    Katurapulparr;

(d)    the siblings Wunkurpa, Ngawili / Nolene Campbell, Tjintutjitji, Mulyamaru / Barney Ward and Nangkawan / Robert Ward;

(e)    Lenny Morrison;

(f)    Kaliya / Amy Anderson;

(g)    the cousin-siblings Mirta-Mirta / Andy Campbell, Dinny Campbell and Nyipi Ward;

(h)    the siblings Kautjuku / Polly Bond, Red Robertson, Walampari Mitchell and Tatitjarra / Arthur Robertson;

(i)    Minmarna / Chinaman / John Carnegie;

(j)    the siblings Yaluwila / Violet Ward and Neva Butler;

(k)    the siblings Tjiltjirrkurnyu and Tjapiyatjara;

(l)    the siblings Matjuwa Campbell and Nyingura Martin;

(m)    Kuku / Kirintji;

(n)    Dr George Ward / George Ward;

(o)    the siblings Dolly Smith and Eileen Robinson;

(p)    Pulpurru Davies; and

(q)    Nyaraurr / Nama Cutline / Ben Brown.

SCHEDULE 4

OTHER INTERESTS

The nature and extent of other interests in relation to the Determination Area as at the date of this Determination are:

Pila Nature Reserve 34606

1.    Pila Nature Reserve, reserved under section 29 of the Land Act 1933 (WA) as Reserve 34606 for the purpose of Conservation of Flora and Fauna on 22 April 1977 and vested in the Western Australian Wildlife Authority in trust for the reserve purpose under section 33 of the Land Act 1933 (WA) on the same date (as reduced on or about 25 October 1996 by the excision of Milyuga Location 14).

2.    Any public works on Reserve 34606 constructed or established by or on behalf of the State.

3.    Rights and interests of persons who:

(a)    have the care, control and management of Reserve 34606;

(b)    are entitled to access and use Reserve 34606 for the purpose for which it is reserved; and

(c)    are otherwise entitled to access and use the public works on Reserve 34606,

subject to any statutory limitations on those rights and interests.

Other

4.    The following rights and interests:

(a)    rights and interests, including licences and permits, held under valid or validated grants by the Crown in right of the State or of the Commonwealth pursuant to statute or otherwise in the exercise of its executive power and any regulations made pursuant to such legislation;

(b)    valid or validated rights and interests held by reason of the force and operation of the laws of the State or of the Commonwealth, including but not limited to, the force and operation of the Rights in Water and Irrigation Act 1914 (WA);

(c)    the right to access the Determination Area by an employee, agent or instrumentality of:

(i)    the State;

(ii)    the Commonwealth; or

(iii)    any local government authority;

as required in the performance of his or her statutory or common law duty where such access would be permitted to private land;

(d)    so far as confirmed pursuant to section 14 of the Titles (Validation) and Native Title (Effect of Past Acts) Act 1995 (WA) as at the date of this Determination, any existing public access to and enjoyment of:

(i)    waterways;

(ii)    beds and banks or foreshores of waterways;

(iii)    stock routes; or

(iv)    areas that were public places at the end of 31 December 1993; and

(e)    any rights and interests of members of the public arising under the common law, including but not limited to the right of any person to use and enjoy any roads in the Determination Area (subject to the laws of the State) over which, as at the date of this Determination, members of the public have a right of access under the common law.

 

ORDERS

WAD 222 of 2020

BETWEEN:

DAISY TJUPARNTARRI WARD, PAUL CARNEGIE, BEN JUNIOR RALPH BROWN, ANDREW JONES, LEESE GILES, CLARABELLE WARD KENDA

Applicant

AND:

STATE OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA

Respondent

order made by:

COLVIN J

DATE OF ORDER:

15 jUNE 2022

THE COURT NOTES THAT:

1.    On 18 September 2020 the Applicant, authorised by the compensation claim group (Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners), filed compensation application WAD 222/2020 under section 61(1) of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) (NTA) (the Compensation Claim).

2.    The Compensation Claim seeks compensation in accordance with Part 2, Division 5 of the NTA for the loss, diminution, impairment or other effect on native title in relation to the area the subject of the Compensation Claim (claim area) by reason of the vesting of Reserve 34606 in the Western Australian Wildlife Authority in trust for the reserve purpose under section 33 of the Land Act 1933 (WA) (the Compensable Act). The Compensation Claim acknowledges that, while the vesting of the Reserve was immediately preceded by acts (also done on 22 April 1977) comprising the reservation of the land and its classification as a class 'A' reserve under the Land Act 1933 (WA), to the extent the reservation and classification are compensable, the three acts are essentially the same act for the purposes of section 49 of the NTA.

3.    There is no approved determination of native title in relation to the claim area. The parties agree that:

(a)    at the time immediately prior to the Compensable Act, the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners held non-exclusive native title rights and interests in relation to the claim area;

(b)    the Compensable Act resulted in the total extinguishment of all native title in relation to the claim area. The Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth) conferred a right to compensation on the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners for that effect. The effect of section 45 of the NTA is that the compensation is payable under the NTA as if the entitlement arose under that Act; and

(c)    the Compensable Act is attributable to the First Respondent. The Applicant has not in the Compensation Claim sought compensation from any other person or party.

4.    The parties have entered into an agreement which inter alia settles the First Respondent's compensation liability for the Compensable Act having regard to the Compensation Claim. The agreement is called the Compensation and Lurrtjurrlulu Palakitjalu Settlement Agreement (CLPSA).

5.    The CLPSA provides for the payment and provision of benefits by the First Respondent in accordance with the CLPSA. The parties agree that the benefits to be paid and provided under the CLPSA will constitute compensation on just terms (in the sense required by sections 51 and 53 of the NTA) in full and final satisfaction of the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners' entitlement to, and the First Respondent's liability for, compensation in respect of the Compensable Act.

6.    Pursuant to section 87(1) of the NTA, the Applicant and the First Respondent have set out in the CLPSA the agreed terms of the orders which they ask the Court to make in this proceeding. A Minute of Proposed Orders has been signed by the parties, and filed with the Court, seeking a determination of the Compensation Claim in accordance with section 87(2) of the NTA. Joint submissions made on behalf of the Applicant and First Respondent in support of the Minute of Proposed Orders have been filed with the Court.

7.    A copy of the CLPSA has also been filed with the Court, as an annexure to an affidavit filed by the Applicant in support of the Minute of Proposed Orders, in accordance with section 87(1)(b) of the NTA.

8.    One of the benefits to be provided under the CLPSA is the First Respondent's commitment to assisting the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners to obtain a determination of native title in relation to the claim area on the basis that prior extinguishment of their native title is to be disregarded. In accordance with the CLPSA, native title determination application WAD 174/2021 (Native Title Claim) was filed on 28 July 2021 in relation to the claim area.

9.    In accordance with section 13(2) of the NTA, and to give effect to the CLPSA, the parties have also requested the Court to make a determination of native title in the Native Title Claim immediately before, and at the same hearing as, the determination of compensation in the Compensation Claim.

10.    A separate Minute of Proposed Orders has been signed by the parties to the Native Title Claim, and filed with the Court in the Native Title Claim, seeking a determination of native title in favour of the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners in accordance with section 87 of the NTA.

11.    The determination of native title sought by the Minute of Proposed Orders is for all of the claim area save for road corridors for the Gary Highway and the Gunbarrel Highway being an area described in the Minute of Proposed Orders as the Determination Area.

12.    On the basis of:

(a)    the matters outlined above; and

(b)    no claim for compensation having been made in the Compensation Claim as against any other party in respect of the Compensable Act,

the parties agree that the Court should make the orders set out at Attachment A.

Being satisfied that orders in the terms sought by the parties are within the power of the Court and it appearing to the Court to be appropriate to do so and by the consent of the parties:

THE COURT ORDERS THAT:

1.    There be a determination of compensation in terms of Attachment A to these orders.

2.    There be no order as to costs.

AND THE COURT MAKES THE FOLLOWING FURTHER ORDERS PURSUANT TO SECTION 87(4) OF THE NTA:

3.    These orders finally dispose of the Compensation Claim.

4.    The compensation provided for under the CLPSA and this determination of compensation is in full and final satisfaction of the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners' entitlement to, and the First Respondent's liability for, compensation pursuant to the NTA in relation to the past loss, diminution, impairment or other effect of native title in relation to the Determination Area by the Compensable Act.

Note:    Entry of orders is dealt with in Rule 39.32 of the Federal Court Rules 2011.

 

ATTACHMENT A

BY CONSENT OF THE PARTIES, THE COURT ORDERS, DECLARES AND DETERMINES THAT:

Compensation for extinguishment of native title: ss 45, 51(1) NTA

1.    Compensation is to be provided by the First Respondent in accordance with the terms of the CLPSA for the loss, diminution, impairment or other effect of the Compensable Act on native title in relation to the Determination Area.

2.    Satisfaction of the First Respondent's obligations under the CLPSA shall be taken as full discharge of the First Respondent's obligation to comply with these orders.

Persons entitled to compensation: 94 NTA

3.    The persons entitled to the compensation are the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners. The parties to the CLPSA, including the Applicant on behalf of the Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners, have agreed in the CLPSA that some of the compensation is to be provided to Warnpurru AC and some of the compensation is to be expended directly by the State in accordance with the CLPSA.

4.    The amount or kind of compensation to be given to each person and any dispute regarding the entitlement of a person to an amount of the compensation shall be determined in accordance with the decision-making processes of Warnpurru AC as set out in its constitution registered from time to time with the Office of the Registrar of Indigenous Corporations.

Interpretation

5.    In this determination, including its schedules:

(a)    unless the contrary intention appears, the words and expressions used have the same meaning as in the NTA;

(b)    if there is an inconsistency between a description of an area in this determination and the depiction of that area on the map in Schedule 2, the written description prevails;

(c)    Compensable Act means the vesting of Reserve 34606 in the Western Australian Wildlife Authority in trust for the reserve purpose under section 33 of the Land Act 1933 (WA), noting that the following acts, which immediately preceded the Compensable Act on 22 April 1977, are, to the extent they are compensable, essentially the same act for the purposes of section 49 of the NTA:

(i)    reservation of the claim area under section 29 of the Land Act 1933 (WA) as Reserve 34606 for the purpose of Conservation of Flora and Fauna; and

(ii)    classification of Reserve 34606 as a Class 'A' reserve in accordance with section 31 of the Land Act 1933 (WA).

(d)    Determination Area means the whole of the area described in Schedule 1 and depicted on the map attached at Schedule 2;

(e)    NTA means the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth);

(f)    Pila Nature Reserve Traditional Owners means the group of persons described in Schedule 3;

(g)    CLPSA means the Gibson Desert Compensation and Lurrtjurrlula Palakitjalu Settlement Agreement entered into by the First Respondent represented by the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and the Minister for Environment, the Minister for Lands (body corporate), the Chief Executive Officer of the Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, the Conservation and Parks Commission, the Applicant, Warnpurru AC and Central Desert Native Title Services Ltd on 29 October 2020; and

(h)    Warnpurru AC means Warnpurru (Aboriginal Corporation) (ICN 8979).

Note:    Entry of orders is dealt with in Rule 39.32 of the Federal Court Rules 2011.

SCHEDULE 1

DETERMINATION AREA DESCRIPTION

1.    The Determination Area is all that land and water comprising Reserve 34606 for the purpose of Conservation of Flora and Fauna, being Lot 13 as shown on Deposited Plan 91083 (Reserve 34606 – Pila Nature Reserve, formerly known as Gibson Desert Nature Reserve).

2.    Reserve 34606 excludes the following road corridors:

(a)    Gary Highway

All that land, being 100 metres wide and defined by the centreline commencing at the intersection of a northern boundary of Reserve 34606 (Pila Nature Reserve), being Lot 13 as shown on Deposited Plan 91083, with approximate Longitude 125.057882 East and extending generally southerly along that centreline through the following approximate coordinate positions:

LATITUDE (SOUTH)

LONGITUDE (EAST)

24.416928

125.057882

24.419339

125.057042

24.420943

125.056567

24.430237

125.053742

24.431927

125.053290

24.434278

125.052570

24.435184

125.052402

24.435469

125.052271

24.435634

125.052239

24.436138

125.052336

24.436354

125.052281

24.436806

125.051914

24.437163

125.051755

24.438036

125.051477

24.440593

125.051110

24.442932

125.050976

24.444971

125.050913

24.446550

125.050951

24.449181

125.050579

24.449837

125.050573

24.450981

125.050286

24.452345

125.050063

24.458395

125.048052

24.460771

125.047179

24.464065

125.046731

24.467674

125.045707

24.472632

125.045096

24.479020

125.044445

24.480251

125.044384

24.486261

125.043146

24.488106

125.042913

24.488969

125.042688

24.490131

125.042688

24.492498

125.042694

24.494623

125.042858

24.496982

125.043221

24.498936

125.043508

24.501113

125.043372

24.503095

125.043212

24.505181

125.042906

24.505462

125.042790

24.508399

125.042704

24.509719

125.042785

24.515912

125.043550

24.516522

125.043517

24.517484

125.043448

24.518253

125.043276

24.518703

125.043243

24.519302

125.042931

24.520433

125.042704

24.522181

125.041593

24.525043

125.040269

24.526351

125.039742

24.530167

125.038076

24.536021

125.035811

24.539586

125.034750

24.544425

125.033309

24.548113

125.032035

24.551983

125.030732

24.554421

125.030511

24.556349

125.030303

24.559375

125.029965

24.561383

125.029479

24.562162

125.029452

24.564100

125.029508

24.566393

125.029258

24.568249

125.029248

24.571444

125.028982

24.574007

125.028358

24.575409

125.028099

24.576076

125.027714

24.576871

125.027647

24.578154

125.026877

24.579218

125.026530

24.580218

125.026573

24.583067

125.026160

24.586500

125.025198

24.588601

125.024313

24.591752

125.023230

24.594219

125.022995

24.596066

125.022981

24.600466

125.023329

24.601987

125.023516

24.602466

125.023389

24.602631

125.023425

24.606023

125.023413

24.608064

125.023065

24.610810

125.022948

24.613660

125.022385

24.617413

125.021816

24.620838

125.021016

24.622014

125.020799

24.623034

125.020431

24.623368

125.020251

24.623619

125.020223

24.626170

125.019520

24.627897

125.019333

24.633483

125.018955

24.635410

125.018554

24.636635

125.018293

24.639027

125.017719

24.642188

125.017024

24.642528

125.017007

24.647611

125.015985

24.650340

125.015515

24.652263

125.015256

24.654531

125.015183

24.656346

125.015093

24.657923

125.014890

24.660241

125.014559

24.661496

125.014322

24.664841

125.013955

24.665424

125.013857

24.670848

125.013368

24.672355

125.013345

24.673681

125.013245

24.677696

125.012173

24.680711

125.010473

24.684440

125.008922

24.687964

125.008118

24.690503

125.007969

24.693715

125.008729

24.695008

125.008904

24.695559

125.008852

24.697722

125.008651

24.698115

125.008515

24.700230

125.008393

24.702043

125.008030

24.702785

125.007912

24.703411

125.007678

24.704360

125.007486

24.704981

125.007444

24.708042

125.006700

24.709549

125.006465

24.710445

125.006386

24.711581

125.006480

24.712081

125.006584

24.712478

125.006770

24.713701

125.006510

24.714856

125.006504

24.720101

125.006270

24.726790

125.006606

24.737589

125.005928

24.739877

125.005916

24.752541

125.005616

24.756572

125.005092

24.760341

125.004932

24.761972

125.004755

24.764568

125.004419

24.770361

125.002807

24.772692

125.002403

24.775806

125.001757

24.777161

125.001382

24.778739

125.000848

24.783478

124.999367

24.787414

124.998209

24.789708

124.997746

24.796435

124.996604

24.802375

124.995840

24.805841

124.996277

24.807749

124.996674

24.809622

124.996856

24.811612

124.996816

24.813978

124.996528

24.818466

124.996568

24.822008

124.996426

24.823880

124.996185

24.827246

124.995857

24.833914

124.995449

24.838408

124.994690

24.839665

124.994552

24.843077

124.993848

24.847186

124.992881

24.847710

124.992640

24.849192

124.991958

24.850397

124.991487

24.852385

124.990896

24.854709

124.990742

24.857884

124.990616

24.859704

124.990453

24.862593

124.989931

24.866663

124.988794

24.868062

124.988721

24.869595

124.988668

24.870805

124.988361

24.872451

124.988247

24.874665

124.987613

24.874876

124.987520

24.875039

124.987535

24.876900

124.987384

24.877676

124.987186

24.879608

124.986911

24.881025

124.986911

24.882426

124.986998

24.884430

124.987703

24.888889

124.989315

24.893658

124.991305

24.896285

124.991941

24.897894

124.991977

24.902342

124.991690

24.906598

124.991294

24.913700

124.990861

24.920384

124.990783

24.925919

124.990456

24.932557

124.989765

24.935247

124.989450

24.938099

124.989084

24.940513

124.988623

24.944628

124.988105

24.946977

124.988115

24.947891

124.988247

24.951143

124.989054

24.952935

124.988766

24.960714

124.987467

24.962742

124.987045

24.963674

124.986928

24.964565

124.986586

24.965488

124.985924

24.966651

124.984757

24.967984

124.984125

24.969147

124.983766

24.970220

124.983335

24.971065

124.983151

24.972257

124.983021